Who is the Boss? — or Whose Turn is it to Speak

2020. № 1, 7-20

Tatiana I. Popova, Saint Petersburg State University (Russia, S. Petersburg), tipopova13@gmail.com


Proper dialog structuring is equally important both in formal and informal communication. The communicative goal could only be reached in specifi c conditions. The interlocutor needs to understand the perceived statement correctly, while the speaker should choose the appropriate model of behavior and speech, which is relevant for the specifi c communicative situation. Different social roles lead to diversion of the dialogue: the didactic tone with frequent use of imperatives (wash your hands, bring the textbook), appropriate for the role of a mother, is unacceptable in communication with colleagues at work or with friends. The uncertainty in the choice if verbal means with the boss or the commander is replaced by the active and leading role in the dialogue with friends. So, how do you know who’s boss? Who is the leader in this dialogue, and who has a role of a subordinate? What means help to build communication in the best way in both cases, without threatening the persona of another participant in the dialogue? The study of spontaneous speech helps to answer these questions. The research is based on the analysis of taking turns in a dialogue, which reflects a social status of participants of communication