Phraseologically Bound Sentences Like Kto Kak ne On Pomozhet! in Russian Language (Main Aspects)

2020. № 2, 62-75

Arkadiy F. Kalinin, Balashov branch of Saratov State Agrarian University (Russia, Balashov),


The paper studies Russian phraseologically bound sentences like Kto kak ne on pomozhet! in three main aspects: structural-grammatical, logical-semantic and communicative. It allows to solve a problem of classification and typology of such syntactic units. The article studies formal organization of these sentences, syntactic categories which form predicativity (modality, tense and person), universal grammatical meanings of the sentence and grammatical category of subject as well as semantic category of agent. We determine the relevance of these syntactic units for two-member sentences based on structural-grammatical aspects. The paper investigates semantic organization of phraseologically bound sentences like Kto kak ne on pomozhet! as well as identifies and charachterizes two-, three- and four-component elementary and non-elementary semantic structures of these sentences. We also determine two-number sentences based on logical and grammatical aspects.

The article studies communicative organization of these phraseological sentences and reveals that they are dissected and divided into theme and rheme by phrases. Considering them from communicative aspect, we can say that they are two-member sentences.

Such multi-aspect research lets us suggest structural-grammatical, logical-semantic and communicative classification of the of phraseologically bound sentences like Kto kak ne on pomozhet! and to build common typology of these syntactic units, which is highly important for the syntax theory of simple sentence in Russian language.