On Semantic Relations between Structural Elements with Connecting Detailed Comparisons

2022. № 5, 115-127

Mstislav I. Shutan, Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Education Development (Russia, Nizhny Novgorod), mshutan@mail.ru


In the article, the author focuses on the connecting extended (expanded) comparisons and using the example of works of Russian poetry of the fi rst half of the nineteenth century reveals the nature of semantic connections between such elements of comparative constructions as an object and an image. Based on the texts of Pushkin, Lermontov and Tyutchev, the author shows different variants of the correlation of a man and the objective world, a man and nature, and also gives an example of the correlation of different historical epochs. The article notes that with the help of this technique, philosophical problems are introduced into the works (“Eugene Onegin”, “Autumn” and “Egyptian nights” by Pushkin, “Countess Rostopchina” by Lermontov, “The Stream has Thickened and Dims...” and “Fountain” by Tyutchev), as well as socio-historical (“The Dying Gladiator”, “Poet” by Lermontov), psychological (“Rebirth” by Pushkin, “Beggar” by Lermontov, “When in the Circle of Murderous Worries...” by Tyutchev) and moral and psycholo gical problems (Lermontov’s “Duma”). Moreover, a specifi c life situation (it is usually fi xed in the fi rst part of the work) causes an association with another sphere of life (being) in the mind of the author (the lyrical hero). Although the associated sphere of life is different, it contains the same meaning. Thus, the inner kinship of what at fi rst glance has nothing in common is emphasized. We have before us a means of speech expressiveness that reveals the complexity of life, its diversity, leading the reader to generalizations, and they are inevitable if we have two phenomena correlated with each other.

For citation:

Shutan M. I. On Semantic Relations between Structural Elements with Connecting Detailed Comparisons. Russian Speech = Russkaya Rech’. 2022. No. 5. Pp. 115–127.